Education 3.0 and the Pedagogy (Andragogy, Heutagogy) of Mobile Learning

User Generated Education

The evolution of the web from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 and now to Web 3.0 can be used a metaphor of how education should also be evolving, as a movement based on the evolution from Education 1.0 to Education 3.0.  I discussed this in Schools are doing Education 1.0; talking about doing Education 2.0; when they should be planning and implementing Education 3.0.

Many educators are doing Education 1.0; talking about doing Education 2.0; when they should be planning and implementing Education 3.0. This post compares the developments of the Internet-Web to those of education.  The Internet has become an integral thread of the tapestries of most societies throughout the globe.  The web influences people’s way of thinking, doing and being; and people influence the development and content of the web.  The Internet of today has become a huge picture window and portal into human perceptions, thinking, and behavior. …

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What Are the Three Ways to Train Your Brain to Be Happy?

 

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Did you know that ‘The Science of Happiness’ is Harvard’s most popular course? Happiness is just about learning and practise! Wanna try and give yourself a happiness makeover?

 

TIME

You can train your mind to be unhappy and you can train it to be happy.

Training your mind to look for errors and problems (as happens in careers like accounting and law) can lead you toward a pervasive pessimism that carries over into your personal life.

Via One Day University Presents: Positive Psychology: The Science of Happiness (Harvard’s Most Popular Course):

I discovered the tax auditors who are the most successful sometimes are the ones that for eight to 14 hours a day were looking at tax forms, looking for mistakes and errors. This makes them very good at their job, but when they started leading their teams or they went home to their spouse at night, they would be seeing all the lists of mistakes and errors that were around them. Two of them told me they came home with a list of the errors and mistakes…

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TOP 10 reasons why games are good for learning

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1.       THEY ARE ENGAGING

This is probably the most common argument you might hear if you are looking into Serious Games. Everyone in the industry screams this out of the top of their lungs, but that’s because it’s true. You may think Serious Games will only appeal to the young, to the gamers, but actually cleverly designed solutions should appeal to people of all ages and backgrounds regardless of whether they have played games before or not.

And here’s why! A well-crafted Serious Game will give the user something to care about; an objective that they want to achieve. An objective that is relevant to the business or situation that user currently finds themselves in. A Serious Games designer will tap into the motivations of the user and make them central to the story.

Games also present information as nested problems, they will give the user an objective but the user has to actively get involved with the scenario to work out how to achieve the objective.

Serious Games also utilise interesting characters and reward loops to keep you pushing forward. Users will start to buy in to the scenario and become emotionally invested in seeing it through.

2.       THEY ARE A ‘SAFE ENVIRONMENT’

Do most learners have a place they can go and practice their skills in a realistic environment? Unfortunately unless you are a pilot or a nuclear technician the answer will most likely be no.  Most businesses won’t have a simulated business with real people and market data just there for their staff to practice on. Serious Games can be the missing link between knowledge and practical application on the job.

Therefore Serious Games can allow users to practice the skills or methodologies they have read about or go ‘off-piste’ with their own strategy and actually see the consequences of their actions without any impact to the business. In fact this practice in a virtual environment will benefit the business greatly by reducing the number of mistakes your staff will make in the real world.

3.       THEY WORK ACCORDING TO THE LAWS OF LEARNING

Serious Games are designed to hook us in and appeal to our brain; their designs are mapped to how we intrinsically learn. As the main purpose of a Serious Game is to develop new knowledge, skills and to ultimately produce a behaviour change they have to align with how we learn.

We base our designs around the Laws of Learning which can be seen illustrated in the infographic below. This is quite a complicated subject so let’s examine one of the basic premises of learning. Looking back in time, we hear throughout every culture on earth, the process of telling stories to pass knowledge down to new generations. Stories create emotional connections which increase the likelihood of retention. In today’s society we use stories for leisure, books, movies and games, and they all appeal to us through clever use of narrative, characterisation and the epic challenge, but they are rarely present when it comes to learning.

Now the difference between reading an educational book or watching an educational movie and playing an educational game is that you, the player, the protagonist takes control, all the action revolves around you. You make the choices, the consequences happen to you and because the choices are wrapped up in a story in which you want to succeed you create an even stronger emotional connection to those actions. We even exhibit physiological responses when we fail in games, it feels so real sometimes that our brains can’t tell the difference on the most basic biological level.

Because you are placed at the centre of the action, you learn at your own pace. You don’t have to keep up with 25 others who have other jobs they have to get back to. You evaluate your actions in your own time. You can fail as many times as is necessary to grasp the solution.

This ability to learn at your own rate is down to the use of pacing in the design of these interventions. When designing an e-learning course for example there is a specific amount of content, a set number of screens, a set number of words per screen, some audio, animation  and if you’re lucky multiple choice questions to add some variety. However in a serious game the content is indistinguishable from the actions and choices you have to make, therefore you will only progress and succeed once you have mastered the knowledge. The content is paced in a careful way to ensure you understand, not just remember, but truly understand before continuing. Because you understand, new information stands out to you; you are able to pull on information stored in your long term memory and not just your working memory to solve problems.

4.       THEY ARE RE-USABLE

A Serious Game should not be judged on how many learners complete the game but on how learners re-use the application. Serious Games by their very nature are designed to be played several times. They are generally non-linear and allow a learner to explore different paths and different consequences. This results in learners building a well-rounded view of a situation or problem.

From the games we host ourselves we know users play our games on average 4.3 times. This replay is reinforcing learning and through the use of scoring we can see that learners are getting better the more they play.

Serious Games can also be very flexible; you can use them in many ways. You can apply a context to the learning experience and ask your learners to focus on different learning objectives or to play in a certain way with a certain mind-set for example. Or you can apply the same application to different stages of the learning lifecycle, as a precursor to a course and as a refresher 6 months down the line for example.

5.       YOU CAN ROLL SPECIALIST KNOWLEDGE OUT TO A WIDER AUDIENCE

Serious games are great for taking complex topics like six sigma for example, that have traditionally been part of an intensive classroom course (which could be expensive to roll out to a whole organisation) and turning it into a case study game so that the learning can be accessed by a wider audience. Yes they train to a lower level but at least they will begin to understand the same lessons that your senior management are learning ensuring your organisation from top to bottom are speaking the same language.

6.       THEY ARE COST EFFECTIVE

Cost effectiveness of Serious Games is reached because of some of the reasons I’ve already discussed. Firstly they can be re-used many times per learner and across the organisation in different contexts and they can take complex content and reach a wider audience ensuring your message is heard by everyone in the organisation.

OK so there may be an up front development cost but if a Serious Game is built correctly they can be modified and tweaked for years to ensure they are kept up to date.

7.       YOU CAN CAPTURE DATA!

Because you’re making lots (and I mean lots!) of decisions in a game, and those decisions are very telling about your thought process, you can capture the journey to a particular point as well as that final end result.  Imagine if you received all of that data from everyone in your leadership team, your middle managers or your entire organisation. You could map the strengths and weaknesses of your organisation and create and informed strategy for how to address them or go down to the level of the individual learner and begin to create a truly personalised learning plan based on their actual performance (which can be measured through situational judgement games for example).

8.       THEY ARE EXPECTED

Serious Games and Interactive learning applications are reaching a stage where new hires will expect them. Companies who use these approaches are often seen as progressive in terms of their learning and development and will attract the top talent. These methodologies will also help retain talent by ensuring your in house learning and development is enjoyable and your employees want to keep learning.

9.       THEY COMPLEMENT OTHER FORMS OF LEARNING

As I mentioned in number 2, games can be the missing link in your learning and development tool kit – you need a knowledge piece, you still need on the job training , reinforces etc., and Serious Games compliment these other forms of learning brilliantly.

A new study by MIT has revealed that your attention levels are lower in a lecture than when you are asleep and the new generation of workers as well as those already in your organisation are looking for new ways to learn. A single method or non-interactive method of learning delivery just doesn’t cut it anymore. More than likely they’ve already started learning outside of work, using MOOC’s or YouTube.

Serious Games are just one aspect you should consider as part of your digital learning strategy.

10.   BECAUSE THEY WORK!

Recent research by Sitzmann and Ely titled “A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Effectiveness of Computer-Based Simulation Games” By the University of Colorado Denver Business School (Oct 2010), looked at the instructional effectiveness of Computer Based Simulation Games relative to a comparison group, on a comprehensive set of training outcomes, particularly focusing on the post-training outcomes. Data was collected from 6,476 participants ranging from students (undergraduate and graduate), employees through to military personnel. Sitzmann found that self-efficacy; declarative knowledge, procedural knowledge and retention results suggest that training outcomes are superior for trainees taught with simulation games relative to the comparison group.

Overall, declarative knowledge was 11% higher for trainees taught with simulation games than a comparison group; procedural knowledge was 14% higher; retention was 9% higher; retention was 9% higher; and self-efficacy was 20% higher. (Ely and Sitzmann findings, 2010)

By Helen Routledge

The Fun Theory

Jane McGonigal avait raison : le jeu peut rendre le monde meilleur, j’en suis maintenant convaincue. Je vous explique. En cherchant un exemple de Serious Game à analyser pour notre cours de Gestion du changement, ne voilà-t-il pas que je tombe sur le site thefuntheory.com. Créé à l’initiative de Wolkswagen, ce site vise à démontrer que quelque chose d’aussi simple que le jeu peut être la manière la plus facile de changer les comportements humains dans le bon sens. Que cela soit pour soi (voir ci-dessous la vidéo sur les escaliers touches de piano, qui motivent à faire du sport) ou pour l’environnement (cf la vidéo montrant des poubelles sonores ou des poubelles transformées en machines à sous), la seule chose qui importe c’est de transformer positivement les gens. Et tout cela grâce à une mise en scène ludique du mobilier urbain. Non seulement vous vous rachetez une conscience en triant vos bouteilles en verre mais en plus vous le faites en rigolant. Cette initiative est très inspirante pour nous autres concepteurs pédagogiques.
Je vous laisse découvrir les vertus incroyables de ce projet. Enjoy 🙂

Les 7 clés de la mémoire

Pour les aigémiens… et les autres, une carte heuristique de la mémoire et un résumé en 7 points des Bonnes Pratiques.

Formation 3.0

Comment retenir ?  Comment mémoriser son cours en vue des examens  ?  Comment retenir des listes de chiffres ou de noms ?

Au-delà des techniques mnémotechniques – que j’aborderai dans d’autres billets – il y a quelques principes à pratiquer d’urgence pour favoriser une bonne mémoire.  J’en ai illustré 7 sur cette carte heuristique.   Ils ne feront pas de vous des champions de la mémoire.  Mais ils prépareront le terrain d’une bonne mémorisation pour l’ensemble de vos cours.  Et pour le reste de votre vie.  Ce n’est déjà pas si mal !

Comment entretenir sa mémoire ?  Comment mémoriser ses cours avant les examens (qui approchent dangereusement) ?  Comment être sûr de retenir un maximum ?

En parallèle à la méthode en 5 étapes pour étudier, que je décris dans d’autres articles, il y a quelques principes généraux que vous devez respecter si vous voulez développer et entretenir…

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Vidéo

Du formateur en présentiel au tuteur à distance

Jacques Rodet, maître de conférences spécialiste du e-learning et initiateur de t@d, le portail du tutorat à distance nous parle ici de l’impact des TICE sur le rôle du formateur. Les enseignants sont en effet amenés à investir de nouveaux rôles, pas toujours très simples à endosser. Jacques Rodet nous explique ces mutations, au travers de 4 points :

– Les appréhensions des formateurs liées à ce changement de paradigme

– Les clés qui permettent de vivre ces mutations avec succès

– Les moyens qui en assurent l’efficacité

– La question de la reconnaissance de ces nouvelles fonctions

Jacques Rodet

 

 

Bis repetita placent : il faut profiter des bonnes choses et reprendre de ce qu’on aime

Et voilà, le gong vient de retentir, c’est parti pour une 2ème année en terre d’Aigeme. Il me faut reprendre mon bâton de pèlerin, et continuer la route. Bon, je connais bien le territoire maintenant, même si avec la nouvelle habilitation et le remaniement des cours, le paysage a quelque peu changé et ouvert la voie vers de nouveaux espaces.

Il faut que je vous dise, un grand bouleversement est arrivé dans ma vie en fin d’année (universitaire) dernière : je suis tombée amoureuse. Non, je plaisante. J’ai décroché, à la fin de mon stage, un contrat de Responsable pédagogique chez CrossKnowledge-Wiley ! Mon but, en intégrant Aigeme, c’était de m’approprier les outils et les connaissances qui me permettraient ensuite -une fois le Master en poche- de travailler dans la formation à distance. L’heureux événement s’est produit plus tôt que prévu et s’est concrétisé d’une manière que je qualifierais de magique. En effet, il est bien rarissime vu la conjoncture actuelle que l’on transforme un poste de stagiaire en poste salarié. Ce vendredi 13 juin (mon dernier jour de stage), – comme quoi les vendredis 13 portent vraiment bonheur-, l’un des Directeurs Associés, Steve Fiehl m’a annoncé la bonne nouvelle. Et là, explosion de joie au milieu de l’Open-Space!

 

Bliss !

 

Donc, voilà, tout cela pour dire qu’être étudiant en Aigeme c’est dur, extrêmement dur (en tout cas nous l’année dernière on en a bavé !) mais que c’est aussi véritablement un sésame pour la suite, j’en suis un bon exemple !

Le revers de médaille pour moi, c’est évidemment le peu de temps que je vais pouvoir consacrer aux cours cette année ! Comme l’année dernière et encore plus intensément que l’année dernière (c’est possible ça, vous pensez ?), ça va être la course !

lievre-et-la-tortue

 

Travailler chez CrossKnowledge représente un investissement, qui empiète même sur les week ends ! Je vais donc me prévoir des plages de travail sur les heures de repas là-bas, pas le choix, et consacrer l’autre partie de mes week-ends aux travaux du master…il me reste quelques UE à valider et bien entendu le gros oeuvre à entamer (eh oui, sauf pour l’e-Portfolio, j’en suis au kilomètre zéro, comme les petits nouveaux de 1re année !:) : mémoire, rapport de stage, e-Portfolio.

Rendez-vous l’été prochain pour clôturer, je l’espère, ce chapitre. Et en attendant,  rien de tel qu’un peu de Pink Floyd pour se donner du courage ! Learning to fly…